The use of navigation in total knee arthroplasty for patients with extra-articular deformity

John Bottros, Alison K Klika, Ho H Lee, John Polousky, Wael K Barsoum
Journal of Arthroplasty 2008, 23 (1): 74-8
Computer-assisted navigation for total knee arthroplasty provides high technology instrumentation that may improve the technique for restoring the normal lower limb mechanical axis. This study evaluated the use of computer-assisted navigation in 7 patients (9 total knee arthroplasties) with a radiographic femoral extra-articular deformity. Postoperatively, the mechanical axis deviated medially by a mean of 1.3 degrees +/- 0.9 degrees (range, -0.2 degrees to 2.5 degrees ). Early patient outcomes showed an increase in the average preoperative to postoperative Knee Society Scores (from 62 to 92, P < .05), function scores (from 52 to 83, P < .05), and range of motion (from 4 degrees -74 degrees to 0.6 degrees -98 degrees , P < .05). These results support the use of computer-assisted navigation as effective high technology instrumentation in recreating an acceptable mechanical axis in patients with distorted anatomical landmarks.

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