Phalloplasty using radial forearm osteocutaneous free flaps in female-to-male transsexuals

Seok-Kwun Kim, Keun-Cheol Lee, Yong-Seok Kwon, Byung-Hoon Cha
Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS 2009, 62 (3): 309-17
Gender reassignment operations in female-to-male transsexuals are increasing in number as the skill of phalloplasty develops. The authors are performing phalloplasty 1 year after undergoing mastectomy, reduction of nipples, oophrectomy and hysterectomy in female-to-male transsexuals. The ideal penile reconstruction should be a single-stage procedure, creating a phallus with both tactile and erogenous sensibility, water-tight neourethra allowing for voiding in the standing position, enough bulk with stiffness, and an aesthetically acceptable appearance. We performed phalloplasty with radial forearm osteocutaneous free flaps on 40 female-to-male transsexual patients from March 1991 to December 2005. We investigated the results with regard to aesthetic and functional status and complications through physical examinations and interviews over a period of 14 years. The results are as follows: In conclusion, we have been able to construct a good phallus with radial forearm osteocutaneous free flaps that is aesthetically and functionally acceptable. In addition, complications have been minimal.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"