JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

The treatment of movement disorders by deep brain stimulation

Hong Yu, Joseph S Neimat
Neurotherapeutics: the Journal of the American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics 2008, 5 (1): 26-36
18164481
It has been understood, for some time, that modulation of deep brain nuclei within the basal ganglia and thalamus can have a therapeutic effect in patients with movement disorders. Because of its reversibility and adjustability, deep brain stimulation (DBS) has largely come to replace traditional ablation procedures. The clinical effects of DBS vary, depending both on the target being stimulated and on the parameters of stimulation. Both aspects are currently the subject of substantial research and discovery. The most common targets for DBS treatment include the subthalamic nucleus for the treatment of advanced Parkinson's disease, the ventral intermediate nucleus of the thalamus for the treatment of medically refractory essential tremor, and the globus pallidus interna for the treatment of both cervical and generalized dystonias and Parkinson's disease. We review the current indications, targets, outcomes, and general procedure of DBS for essential tremor, Parkinson's disease, and dystonia.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
18164481
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.