Silicon uptake in diatoms revisited: a model for saturable and nonsaturable uptake kinetics and the role of silicon transporters

Kimberlee Thamatrakoln, Mark Hildebrand
Plant Physiology 2008, 146 (3): 1397-407
The silicic acid uptake kinetics of diatoms were studied to provide a mechanistic explanation for previous work demonstrating both nonsaturable and Michaelis-Menten-type saturable uptake. Using (68)Ge(OH)(4) as a radiotracer for Si(OH)(4), we showed a time-dependent transition from nonsaturable to saturable uptake kinetics in multiple diatom species. In cells grown under silicon (Si)-replete conditions, Si(OH)(4) uptake was initially nonsaturable but became saturable over time. Cells prestarved for Si for 24 h exhibited immediate saturable kinetics. Data suggest nonsaturability was due to surge uptake when intracellular Si pool capacity was high, and saturability occurred when equilibrium was achieved between pool capacity and cell wall silica incorporation. In Thalassiosira pseudonana at low Si(OH)(4) concentrations, uptake followed sigmoidal kinetics, indicating regulation by an allosteric mechanism. Competition of Si(OH)(4) uptake with Ge(OH)(4) suggested uptake at low Si(OH)(4) concentrations was mediated by Si transporters. At high Si(OH)(4), competition experiments and nonsaturability indicated uptake was not carrier mediated and occurred by diffusion. Zinc did not appear to be directly involved in Si(OH)(4) uptake, in contrast to a previous suggestion. A model for Si(OH)(4) uptake in diatoms is presented that proposes two control mechanisms: active transport by Si transporters at low Si(OH)(4) and diffusional transport controlled by the capacity of intracellular pools in relation to cell wall silica incorporation at high Si(OH)(4). The model integrates kinetic and equilibrium components of diatom Si(OH)(4) uptake and consistently explains results in this and previous investigations.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"