[Comparison of clinical characteristics of patients with rotavirus gastroenteritis relative to the infecting rotavirus g-p genotype.]

Sook Jin Jang, Jung Oak Kang, Dae Soo Moon, Sung Hyun Lee, Ahn Gyun Yeol, Ok Yeon Jeong, Hu Lin Han, Bidur Prasad Chaulagain, Seong Sig Cho, Young Jin Park
Korean Journal of Laboratory Medicine 2006, 26 (2): 86-92

BACKGROUND: Group A rotavirus is a major cause of severe diarrhea in children throughout the world. For the proper management of rotavirus infections, it will be helpful to know their clinical characteristics according to the G and P genotypes of the infecting virus.

METHODS: The diarrheal stool specimens from patients hospitalized in Chosun University Hospital during 2002-2003 were tested for rotavirus by Dipstick 'Eiken' Rota kit. Rotavirus antigen-positive stool specimens were analyzed for group A rotavirus by RT-PCR, and the group A-positive PCR products were genotyped for P and G types by PCR.

RESULTS: Among the 119 specimens analyzed for genotypes, the predominant strain was genotype G4P[6] (51.3%), followed by G2P[4] (19.3%), G1P[8] (7.6%), G3P[8] (5.0%), and G9P[8] (4.2%). To examine the characteristics of each rotavirus genotype, a clinico-epidemiological study was performed for 100 patients whose medical records were available. The frequencies of diarrhea, vomiting, dehydration, and fever; the rates of nosocomial infection and transfer from other hospitals; and the mean severity scores were significantly different among the patients infected with different types of rotavirus. Especially, patients with G4P[6] type were more likely than those infected with other genotypes to show the following distinct features: Most patients showed milder symptoms and were neonates transferred from other obstetric hospitals and 68.4% of the cases were nosocomial infection. G4P[6] strains were isolated almost all along the year. The mean severity scores of patients infected by G4P[6], G2P[4], G1P[8], G3P[8], and G9P[8] strains were 6.8, 9.5, 8.0, 9.0, and 10.8, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS: Many features of rotavirus infections including the epidemic period, rate of nosocomial infection, age and severity of symptoms were different according to the genotypes of the infecting virus.

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