JOURNAL ARTICLE

Pharmacokinetics of an indinavir-ritonavir-fosamprenavir regimen in patients with human immunodeficiency virus

Ighovwerha Ofotokun, Edward P Acosta, Jeffrey L Lennox, Yi Pan, Kirk A Easley
Pharmacotherapy 2008, 28 (1): 74-81
18154477

STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the pharmacokinetic compatibility of a ritonavir-boosted indinavir-fosamprenavir combination among patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

DESIGN: Single-center, nonrandomized, prospective, multiple-dose, two-phase pharmacokinetic study.

SETTING: University research center.

PATIENTS: Eight adult patients with HIV infection who had been receiving and tolerating indinavir 800 mg-ritonavir 100 mg twice/day for at least 2 weeks. Intervention. After 12-hour pharmacokinetic sampling was performed on all patients (period A), fosamprenavir (a prodrug of amprenavir) 700 mg twice/day was coadministered for 5 days, with a repeat 12-hour pharmacokinetic sampling performed on the fifth day (period B).

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Pharmacokinetic parameters were determined for indinavir, ritonavir, and amprenavir: area under the concentration-time curve from time 0 to 12 hours after dosing (AUC(0-12)), maximum plasma concentration (C(max)), and 12-hour plasma concentration (C(12)). For each parameter, the geometric mean, as well as the geometric mean ratio (GMR) comparing period B with period A, were calculated. Indinavir C(max) was lowered by 20% (GMR 0.80, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.67-0.96), AUC(0-12) was lowered by 6% (GMR 0.94, 95% CI 0.74-1.21), and C(12) was increased by 28% (GMR 1.28, 95% CI 0.78-2.10). Ritonavir AUC(0-12) was 20% lower (GMR 0.80, 95% CI 0.54-1.19), C(max) was 15% lower (GMR 0.85, 95% CI 0.55-1.32), and C(12) was 7% lower (GMR 0.93, 95% CI 0.49-1.76). With the exception of indinavir C(max), the changes in indinavir and ritonavir pharmacokinetic parameters observed after fosamprenavir coadministration were not statistically significant. The geometric means of amprenavir AUC(0-12), C(max), and C(12) were 41,517 ng*hour/ml (95% CI 30,317-56,854 ng*hr/ml), 5572 ng/ml (95% CI 4330-7170 ng/ml), and 2421 ng/ml (95% CI 1578-3712 ng/ml), respectively.

CONCLUSION: The combination of indinavir 800 mg-ritonavir 100 mg-fosamprenavir 700 mg twice/day appears to be devoid of a clinically significant drug-drug interaction and should be evaluated as an alternative regimen in salvage HIV treatment. This combination may be suitable as part of a background regimen to optimize the therapeutic benefit of newer classes of antiretroviral agents such as the integrase and coreceptor inhibitors in the treatment of multidrug-resistant viruses.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
18154477
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"