Stapled technique for acute thrombosed hemorrhoids: a randomized, controlled trial with long-term results

J C H Wong, C C Chung, K K Yau, H Y S Cheung, D C T Wong, O C Y Chan, M K W Li
Diseases of the Colon and Rectum 2008, 51 (4): 397-403

PURPOSE: This study was designed to compare stapled vs. conventional hemorrhoidectomy for patients with acute thrombosed hemorrhoids.

METHODS: Forty-one patients with acute thrombosed hemorrhoids were randomized into: 1) stapled hemorrhoidectomy (PPH group; n = 21), and 2) open hemorrhoidectomy (open group; n = 20). Emergency surgery was performed with perioperative data and complications were recorded. Patients were followed up by independent assessors to evaluate pain, recurrence, continence function, and satisfaction at regular intervals.

RESULTS: The median follow-up for the PPH group and open group were 59 and 56 weeks, respectively. There was no significant difference in terms of the hospital stay, complication rate, and continence function; however, the mean pain intensity in the first postoperative week was significantly less in the PPH group (4.1 vs. 5.7, P = 0.02). Patients in the PPH group recovered significantly faster in terms of the time to become analgesic-free (4 vs. 8.5 days, P < 0.01), time to become pain-free (9 vs. 20.5 days, P = 0.01), resumption of work (7 vs. 12.5 days, P = 0.01), and time for complete wound healing (2 vs. 4 weeks, P < 0.01). On long-term follow-up, significantly fewer patients in the PPH group complained of recurrent symptoms (0 vs. 5, P = 0.02). The overall symptom improvement and patients' satisfaction were significantly better in the PPH group (90 vs. 80 percent, P = 0.03 and +3 vs. +2, P < 0.01 respectively).

CONCLUSIONS: Stapled hemorrhoidectomy is safe and effective for acute thrombosed hemorrhoids. Similar to elective stapled procedure, emergency stapled excision has greater short-term benefits compared with conventional excision: diminished pain, faster recovery, and earlier return to work. Long-term results and satisfaction were excellent.

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