JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

To switch or not to switch: should the updated Intergroup Exemestane Study alter our decision?

Julie Iddon, Nigel J Bundred
Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy 2008, 8 (1): 9-13
18095878
Adjuvant therapy for breast cancer with aromatase inhibitors improves survival compared with tamoxifen; however, whether they should be given upfront or sequentially after 2-3 years of tamoxifen in estrogen receptor-positive early breast cancer affecting postmenopausal women is unclear. The Intergroup Exemestane Study looked at 4724 postmenopausal patients with estrogen receptor-positive or unknown breast cancer who had been disease free for 2-3 years on tamoxifen and were randomly assigned to switch to exemestane or to continue tamoxifen for the remainder of a 5-year endocrine treatment period. A significant disease-free survival advantage (p = 0.0001) was seen in favor of exemestane, with an absolute benefit of 3.3% by the end of treatment. This trial is the first to show an overall survival advantage for switching in estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer (p<or= 0.05). In total, 222 deaths occurred in the exemestane group compared with 261 deaths in the tamoxifen group, with a hazard ratio of 0.8 (95% confidence interval: 0.71-1.02; p = 0.08). A retrospective exclusion of patients who had estrogen receptor-negative disease improved the adjusted hazard ratio to 0.85 (0.69-1.0; p = 0.05). Contralateral breast cancer was reduced by 50% both in intention-to-treat and estrogen receptor-positive groups. These results indicate that a similar overall reduction in recurrence can be achieved with a switching or an upfront aromatase inhibitor strategy, but with a reduction in the overall morbidity. The 5% of early breast cancer patients who relapse in the first 2 years of tamoxifen treatment can be identified from 10% of the overall population. The remaining 90% could switch after 2-3 years. Controversy remains regarding whether switching is the optimal strategy and will only be resolved following the results of the Breast International Group 1-98 trial involving sequential therapy. Switching to exemestane for patients who have already had tamoxifen therapy for 2-3 years would appear to be an appropriate strategy for the majority of early breast cancer patients.

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