[Assessment of the accuracy and precision of cystatin C-based GFR estimates and Cr-based GFR estimates in comparison with Cr51-EDTA GFR]

Yunhee Kim, Won-Ki Min, Jinsook Rhew
Korean Journal of Laboratory Medicine 2007, 27 (1): 34-9

BACKGROUND: Cystatin C (cysC) is said to be an ideal marker for glomerular filtration rate (GFR), independent of external factors such as age, nutrition and inflammation. The authors compared the accuracy and precision of cysC-based and creatinine (Cr)-based GFR estimates using Cr51-EDTA GFR method as a reference.

METHODS: Serum concentrations of cysC and Cr were measured in adults over 17 yr (n=170) and children below 17 yr (n=79) who had had GFR estimated by Cr51-EDTA method. CysC-based GFR was estimated by the formula of Thierry [CysC-based GFR estimates (mL/min/1.73 m2)=78 x (1/cysC, in mg/L)+4] and Cr-based GFR by the formula of modified Modification of Diet in Renal Disease [MDRD II, Cr-based GFR estimates (mL/min/1.73 m2)=186 x (Scr)(-1.154) x (Age)(-0.203) x 0.742 (for a female patient) x 1.212 (for a black patient).

RESULTS: In comparison with Cr51-EDTA GFR, in children below 17 yr, the bias +/- standard deviation (SD) of cysC-based and Cr-based GFR estimates were 7.5 +/- 6.1 and 106.5 +/- 98.2, respectively, in the range of below 90 of Cr51-EDTA GFR (mL/min/1.73 m2), and 33.7 +/- 33.0 and 174.4 +/- 18.8 in the range of over 90. In adults over 17 yr, the respective figures were 13.1 +/- 11.0 and 17.4 +/- 29.8 in below 90, and 21.2 +/- 20.1 and 83.6 +/- 108.8 in over 90 of Cr51-EDTA GFR.

CONCLUSIONS: CysC-based GFR estimates show acceptable ranges of biases over the whole age and GFR ranges. CysC-based GFR estimates is considered to be the marker for GFR, which could be used without limitation of age and GFR ranges.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"