Haeme oxygenase promotes progenitor cell mobilization, neovascularization, and functional recovery after critical hindlimb ischaemia in mice

Jörn Tongers, Julia-Marie Knapp, Mortimer Korf, Tibor Kempf, Anne Limbourg, Florian P Limbourg, Zhixiong Li, Daniela Fraccarollo, Johann Bauersachs, Xiaoqiang Han, Helmut Drexler, Beate Fiedler, Kai C Wollert
Cardiovascular Research 2008 May 1, 78 (2): 294-300

AIMS: Neovascularization is an important element of long-term functional recovery during chronic ischaemia. We postulated that haeme oxygenase (HO) is required for progenitor cell recruitment, neovascularization, and blood flow recovery after critical hindlimb ischaemia (HLI).

METHODS AND RESULTS: The femoral artery was ligated in FVB/N mice proximal to its superficial and deep branches. Blood flow in the ischaemic hindlimb was determined by laser Doppler perfusion imaging. Capillary density was measured by isolectin staining, and mobilization of Sca-1(+)/Kdr(+) progenitor cells by FACS analysis. Progenitor cell recruitment to the ischaemic hindlimb was assessed after Tie2-lacZ transgenic bone marrow transplantation. Blood flow recovery after femoral artery ligation was significantly blunted in mice treated with the HO inhibitor tin protoporphyrin-IX (25 mg/kg i.p., every other day). HO-inhibited mice developed more pronounced limb necrosis, associated with impaired hindlimb motor function. Capillary density in the ischaemic hindlimb and mobilization of Sca-1(+)/Kdr(+) progenitor cells were significantly reduced after HO inhibition. After transplantation of Tie2-lacZ transgenic bone marrow cells into lethally irradiated wild-type mice, fewer LacZ(+) cells were detected in the ischaemic hindlimb muscle of HO-inhibited mice. Mechanistically, HO inhibition prevented the establishment of a stromal cell-derived factor-1 gradient for progenitor cell mobilization between the ischaemic hindlimb and bone marrow.

CONCLUSION: HOs are required for progenitor cell recruitment, neovascularization, and functional recovery after HLI.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"