JOURNAL ARTICLE

Tumor volume and tumor marker index based on CYFRA 21-1 and CEA are strong prognostic factors in operated early stage NSCLC

Thomas Muley, Timea-Helene Fetz, Hendrik Dienemann, Hans Hoffmann, Felix J F Herth, Michael Meister, Werner Ebert
Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer 2008, 60 (3): 408-15
18083270
The aim of the study was to analyze the relation between tumor volume (V(path)), tumor marker index (TMI) and prognosis in 261 completely resected (R0) stages I and II non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients by univariate and multivariate analyses. V(path) was calculated as an ellipsoid body. TMI represents the geometric mean of normalized CYFRA 21-1 and CEA values. Patients with a V(path)< or =13.7cm(3) had a significantly better 5-year-survival rate than patients with a V(path)>13.7cm(3) (78.1% vs. 47.9%; p<0.001). Patients with a TMI< or=0.54 had a 5-year-survival rate of 79.1% compared to only 47.2% in patients with a TMI>0.54 (p<0.001). Besides age (>70 years), performance status and gender, both V(path) (>13.7 cm(3)) and TMI (>0.54) bore significance in the multivariate Cox model with a hazard ratio (HR) of 1.9 (95% CI: 1.1-3.3, p=0.016) and 2.3 (95% CI: 1.3-4.2, p=0.006), respectively. Based on a combination of V(path) and TMI, a low risk group (17% of the patients) with both parameters in the normal range could be identified. Patients with elevated V(path) or TMI (31%) had an intermediate HR of 3.4 (95% CI: 1.3-9.2). When both factors were elevated (52% of patients) the HR increased to 5.95 (95% CI: 2.4-14.9). The elevation of V(path) and TMI was found in 46.2% of stage I and in 59.1% of stage II. The 5-year-survival rates were found to be 89.1, 62.2 and 43.0%, respectively. In conclusion, elevated levels of TMI and V(path) have a strong negative prognostic impact on survival in operated early stage of NSCLC. These patients might be considered for adjuvant chemotherapy.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
18083270
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"