JOURNAL ARTICLE
MULTICENTER STUDY

[Epidemiological study of Staphylococcus aureus nasal carriage in senior centers]

L Otaolea Santacoloma, J M Eiros Bouza, R Ortiz de Lejarazu, P Carrero González, F Chaves Sánchez, F J Luquero Alcalde
Revista Española de Quimioterapia: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Quimioterapia 2007, 20 (3): 339-45
18080032
The observation of an increasing number of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolates in some population groups prompted us to study the risk factors and the epidemiological profile of S. aureus nasal carriage in healthy adults 65 years of age and older residing in the province of Segovia. Attention was particularly focused on the possibility that some of the infections were community-acquired. We conducted a prospective and observational study of people who usually visited senior citizen centers in the province of Segovia (Carbonero, Cuéllar, Cantalejo) and its capital. The analysis period took place between January and May 2003. Infections were classified as community-acquired, hospital-acquired or health-care associated. Isolates of methicillin-resistant (MRSA) and methicillin-susceptible S. aureus (MSSA) were studied by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). There were 34 (19.5%) The prevalence of nasal carriage of S. aureus was 19.5% and that for MRSA was 1.1%. Female sex was significantly associated with the carriage state. All S. aureus isolates were mupirocin-susceptible. 100% susceptibility and specificity was obtained through latex agglutination testing. The molecular study showed that the transmission for MRSA was monoclonal and that for MSSA was more policlonal. The results presented here form the basis for similar studies in other Spanish senior citizen centers and provide evidence that MRSA strains are beginning to circulate and are becoming significantly established within the community, thus highlighting the need for implementing control strategies to prevent dissemination.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
18080032
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"