Asthma patients with low perceived burden of illness: a challenge for guideline adherence

Antonius Schneider, Kathrin Biessecker, Renate Quinzler, Petra Kaufmann-Kolle, Franz Joachim Meyer, Michel Wensing, Joachim Szecsenyi
Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 2007, 13 (6): 846-52

RATIONALE AND AIMS: The reason why many patients seem to tolerate suffering from sub-optimal treated asthma remains unclear. The aim was to evaluate the guideline adherence combined with quality of life of patients with moderate to severe asthma.

METHODS: 256 asthma patients from 43 primary care practices in Saxony-Anhalt filled in a questionnaire including the Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (AQLQ), the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-D) and questions evaluating the asthma severity, medication and self-management.

RESULTS: 43.4% suffered from moderate to severe asthma. Drug treatment accorded with guidelines in 36.9%, drug dosage of inhaled steroids was too low in 34.3%, and 21.5% were not treated according to guidelines. A total of 7.3% of the patients received end-of-dose therapy. AQLQ declined and depression rose with asthma severity and guideline non-adherence (P < 0.001). Only 29.1% received asthma education. However, 64.5% of the patients without education did not want to receive education. They had a higher quality of life, lower depression (P < 0.001) and lower use of steroids (P = 0.016). Higher depression scores where related with hospital admission (OR 3.29; 95% CI 1.57-6.87 for each quartile of PHQ-D) and unscheduled home visits or ambulatory care (OR 1.58; 1.07-2.33).

CONCLUSION: There is a large variation of asthma severity which can partly be explained by the guideline adherence of medication and deficits of patients' management. The perceived burden of illness plays a more important role for education and self-management than the real severity of disease. Therefore, target-oriented interventions are needed to identify and motivate patients at risk.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"