[Chronic hepatitis C in patients with HIV/HCV coinfection with high CD4+ lymphocytes count]

Małgorzata Inglot, Aleksandra Szymczak, Andrzej Gładysz, Krzysztof Małyszczak, Małgorzata Zalewska
Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny 2007, 61 (3): 535-43

AIM: analysis of data characterizing HCV infection in patients infected with HIV.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: 37 persons (29 male and 8 female) aged 23-49 years (mediana 34), with HIV/HCV coinfection, treated (n=25) and untreated (n=12) with antiretroviral therapy. HAART was effective in treated patients; CD4+ count >350 cells/microl. Viral load of HIV and HCV, HCV genotypes, CD4/CD8, biochemical tests, histopathological examination were measured. Results were analyzed statistically.

RESULTS: the majority of patients were former IVDUs (n=31.84%), 3 persons (8%)--MSM, 3 (8%)--route of infection unknown. Duration of HCV infection 1-10 years, mediana 5. All patients were in A1 or A2 stage of HIV infection. Among patients treated with HAART (n=25) mediana of CD4+ count before treatment was 263 (69-595) cells/micro, mediana of HIV viral load 75000 copies/ml (n=7); 2040-263414 copies/ml. 17 patients were currently treated with PI, 17 with NNRTI, and 2 patients with NRTI only. HCV genotype was determined in 32 patients: 3a--n=19 (59%), 1--n= 9 (28%) 4--n=4 (13%). HCV viral load: 2.4 x 10(5)-7.73 x 10(6) IU/ml, mediana 1.6 x 10(6). Levels of ALT: 21-358 IU/ml, mediana 102, AST: 20-195 IU/ml, mediana 62, GGTP--9-463 IU/ml, mediana 58. ALT level was significantly higher in HCV genotype 3a infection (p=0.0214). Fibrosis stage above 2 was revealed in 3 patients and in majority (62%) was below 2. None patient had liver cirrhosis. Fibrosis was significantly higher in patients with low CD4+ nadir (p=0.03).

CONCLUSIONS: Progression of liver fibrosis is slow in patients coinfected with HIV/HCV with high CD4+ count. High percentage of HCV genotype 3 and mild fibrosis are good prognostic factors for effectiveness of HCV infection treatment in HIV infected persons.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"