COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL

A randomised study of topical 5% imiquimod vs. topical 5-fluorouracil vs. cryosurgery in immunocompetent patients with actinic keratoses: a comparison of clinical and histological outcomes including 1-year follow-up

N Krawtchenko, J Roewert-Huber, M Ulrich, I Mann, W Sterry, E Stockfleth
British Journal of Dermatology 2007, 157 Suppl 2: 34-40
18067630

BACKGROUND: Actinic keratoses (AK) frequently occur on sun-exposed skin and are considered as in situ squamous cell carcinoma. To date, no treatment algorithm exists for first or second line therapies due to the lack of comparative studies.

OBJECTIVE: This study compared the initial and 12-month clinical clearance, histological clearance, and cosmetic outcomes of topically applied 5% imiquimod (IMIQ) cream, 5% 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) ointment and cryosurgery for the treatment of AK.

PATIENTS/METHODS: Patients were randomised to one of the following three treatment groups: one or two courses of cryosurgery (20-40 s per lesion), topical 5-FU (twice daily for 4 weeks), or one or two courses of topical imquimod (three times per week for 4 weeks each).

RESULTS: Sixty-eight per cent (17/25) of patients treated with cryosurgery, 96% (23/24) of patients treated with 5-FU, and 85% (22/26) of patients treated with IMIQ achieved initial clinical clearance, p = 0.03. The histological clearance rate for cryosurgery was 32% (8/25), 67% (16/24) for 5-FU, and 73% (19/26) in the IMIQ group, p = 0.03. The 12-month follow-up showed a high rate of recurrent and new lesions in the 5-FU and cryosurgery arms. The sustained clearance rate of initially cleared individual lesions was 28% (7/25) for cryosurgery, 54% (13/24) for 5-FU and 73% (19/26) for IMIQ (p < 0.01). Sustained clearance of the total treatment field was 4% (1/25), 33% (8/24), and 73% (19/26) of patients after cryosurgery, 5-FU, and IMIQ, respectively (p < 0.01). The patients in the IMIQ group were judged to have the best cosmetic outcomes (p = 0.0001).

CONCLUSION: Imiquimod treatment of AK resulted in superior sustained clearance and cosmetic outcomes compared with cryosurgery and 5-FU. It should be considered as a first line therapy for sustained treatment of AK.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
18067630
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"