High-frequency oscillations change in parallel with short-interval intracortical inhibition after theta burst magnetic stimulation

Takenobu Murakami, Kenji Sakuma, Takashi Nomura, Kenji Nakashima, Isao Hashimoto
Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology 2008, 119 (2): 301-8

OBJECTIVE: Theta burst transcranial magnetic stimulation (TBS) causes changes in motor cortical excitability. In the present study, somatosensory-evoked potentials (SEPs) and high-frequency oscillations (HFOs) were recorded before and after TBS over the motor cortex to examine how TBS influenced the somatosensory cortex.

METHODS: SEPs following electric median nerve stimulation were recorded, and amplitudes for the P14, N20, P25, and N33 components were measured and analyzed. HFOs were separated by 400-800 Hz band-pass filtering, and root-mean-square amplitudes were calculated from onset to offset. SEPs and HFOs were measured before and after application of either intermittent or continuous TBS (iTBS/cTBS; 600 total pulses at 80% active motor threshold) over the motor cortex. Motor-evoked potentials (MEPs) and short-interval intracortical inhibition (SICI) of the first dorsal interosseous muscle were examined before and after TBS.

RESULTS: MEPs, SICI, and HFO amplitudes were increased and decreased significantly after iTBS and cTBS, respectively. Wide-band SEPs did not change significantly after TBS.

CONCLUSIONS: TBS changed the cortical excitability of the sensorimotor cortices. Changes in HFOs after TBS were parallel to those in SICI.

SIGNIFICANCE: The mechanisms of changes in HFOs after TBS may be the same as those in SICI.

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