JOURNAL ARTICLE
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL

Raloxifene, soy phytoestrogens and endothelial function in postmenopausal women

D L Katz, M A Evans, V Yanchou Njike, M L Hoxley, H Nawaz, B P Comerford, P M Sarrel
Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society 2007, 10 (6): 500-7
18049943

OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of raloxifene and soy phytoestrogens on endothelial function in healthy, postmenopausal women.

DESIGN: Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over trial. Subjects (n = 22; mean age 58.5 years) underwent endothelial function testing at baseline and following 6 weeks of daily raloxifene 60 mg, soy phytoestrogens 55 mg, and placebo in random sequence with intervening 6-week wash-out periods. Endothelial function was assessed as flow-mediated vasodilatation (FMD) of the brachial artery using high-resolution ultrasound; digital flux was measured with laser Doppler velocimetry.

RESULTS: Baseline (pretreatment) FMD was almost within normal range at 9.6% (+/-6.4). FMD did not change from baseline within any treatment group, and no between-group differences were detected. FMD values following treatment with raloxifene, soy, and placebo were 10.3% (+/-12.3), 8.3% (+/-7.7), and 9.5% (+/-4.4), respectively. Area under curve ratios showed no treatment differences for digital velocimetry.

CONCLUSIONS: In this study, neither raloxifene nor soy enhanced endothelial function in postmenopausal women. However, the cohort had relatively normal endothelial function at baseline. Further study is required to determine if particular subgroups of postmenopausal women derive vascular benefit from the use of selective estrogen receptor modulators or soy phytoestrogens.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
18049943
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"