OPEN IN READ APP
COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Enhancement performance of a 64-slice triple rule-out protocol vs 16-slice and 10-slice multidetector CT-angiography protocols for evaluation of aortic and pulmonary vasculature

Ahmad Haidary, Kostaki Bis, Thomas Vrachliotis, Thomas Vrachiolitis, Rajni Kosuri, Mamtha Balasubramaniam
Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography 2007, 31 (6): 917-23
18043357

OBJECTIVE: To compare the enhancement of the pulmonary and aortic vasculature between a biphasic injection 64-slice, a single-phase injection 16-slice, and a single-phase injection 10-slice multidetector computed tomographic (CT) angiography (CTA) protocols.

METHODS: With institutional review board approval and Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act compliance, 50 patients (16 men, 34 women; mean age, 51.5 years; range, 30-75 years) with atypical chest pain from the emergency department were scanned using a triple rule-out protocol on a 64-slice CT scanner. Pulmonary enhancement was compared with 50 patients (21 men, 29 women; mean age, 65.6 years; range, 38-90 years) imaged with a single-phase 16-slice pulmonary angiography protocol. Aortic enhancement was compared with 24 patients (12 men, 12 women; mean age, 66.1; range, 34-92 years) who were imaged with a 16-slice aortic dissection CTA protocol and to 25 patients (15 men, 10 women; mean age, 50.8 years; range, 20-83 years) imaged with a 10-slice aortic dissection CTA protocol. A 2-tailed Student t test or sign test was used to assess significant differences from a vascular attenuation cutoff value of 250 Hounsfield units (HU).

RESULTS: Individual mean pulmonary arterial and aortic attenuation values were statistically significantly less than 250 HU for the 16- and 10-slice protocols and statistically significantly more than 250 HU for the 64-slice protocols (P < 0.05). Mean pooled pulmonary attenuation values were more than 250 HU in 18% (9/50) of the 16-slice and in 93% (39/42) of the 64-slice protocols. Mean pooled aortic attenuation values were more than 250 HU in 18.4% (9/49) of the 10- and 16- and in 100% (42/42) of the 64-slice protocols.

CONCLUSIONS: The triple rule-out 64-slice biphasic injection breath hold CTA protocol provides significantly higher attenuation of aortic and pulmonary vasculature compared with our current 10- and 16-slice protocols.

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
18043357
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"