JOURNAL ARTICLE

Vitamin D status, bone mass, and bone metabolism in home-dwelling postmenopausal Japanese women: Yokogoshi Study

Kazutoshi Nakamura, Naoko Tsugawa, Toshiko Saito, Miki Ishikawa, Yasuo Tsuchiya, Keiko Hyodo, Keiko Maruyama, Rieko Oshiki, Ryosaku Kobayashi, Mitsue Nashimoto, Akihiro Yoshihara, Reo Ozaki, Toshio Okano, Masaharu Yamamoto
Bone 2008, 42 (2): 271-7
18006400
Little has been understood about vitamin D status in relation to bone health in Asian women. The purpose of this study was to identify how the serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) concentration is associated with bone mass and bone metabolism. This cross-sectional, community-based epidemiologic study was conducted among 600 ambulatory postmenopausal women. The serum 25(OH)D concentration was measured with radioimmunoassay. Other blood biochemical measurements were intact parathyroid hormone and markers of bone turnover, including osteocalcin and type I collagen cross-linked N-telopeptides. Bone mineral density (BMD) of the lumbar spine and right femoral neck were measured with the dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry method using a QDR4500a. The mean serum 25(OH)D concentration was 55.6 nmol/L (SD 14.6). Serum 25(OH)D concentration was linearly associated with BMD of the femoral neck (R(2)=0.020, P=0.003), but not with BMD of the lumbar spine. Odds ratios (ORs) for low BMD (defined as t score < or =-2.5 SD) were calculated for strata defined by 25(OH)D concentration. The prevalence of low BMD of the lumbar spine was significantly higher in the 40- to 50-nmol/L 25(OH)D group (adjusted OR=3.0, 95% CI: 1.3-7.0) compared to the reference group (> or =70 nmol/L). Prevalence of low BMD for the femoral neck was significantly higher in the 30- to 40-nmol/L (adjusted OR=3.6, 95% CI: 1.1-12.1) and the 40- to 50-nmol/L (adjusted OR=7.6, 95% CI: 2.5-23.2) groups compared to the reference group (> or =70 nmol/L). The mean serum concentration of intact PTH was significantly higher in subjects with serum 25(OH)D <50 nmol/L compared to those with serum 25(OH)D > or =50 nmol/L. The present study suggests that higher serum 25(OH)D concentrations are associated with increased BMD of the femoral neck, and that a serum 25(OH)D concentration of at least 70 nmol/L is needed to obtain high BMD of the femoral neck, and that of at least 50 nmol/L is needed to achieve normal PTH levels and prevent low BMD in home-dwelling postmenopausal Japanese women.

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