Sevelamer hydrochloride in peritoneal dialysis patients: results of a multicenter cross-sectional study

Rosa Ramos, Francesc Moreso, Mercè Borras, Esther Ponz, Joan M Buades, Josep Teixidó, Antoni Morey, Carme Garcia, Manel Vera, M Teresa Doñate, Manuel Ramírez de Arellano, Francesc Barbosa, M Teresa González
Peritoneal Dialysis International 2007, 27 (6): 697-701

BACKGROUND: Sevelamer hydrochloride is a phosphate binder widely employed in hemodialysis patients. Until now, information about its efficacy and safety in peritoneal dialysis patients has been scarce.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: In September 2005 a cross-sectional study of demographic, biochemical, and therapeutic data of patients from 10 peritoneal dialysis units in Catalonia and the Balearic Islands, Spain, was conducted.

RESULTS: We analyzed data from 228 patients. At the time of the study, 128 patients (56%) were receiving sevelamer. Patients receiving sevelamer were younger (p < 0.01), showed a longer period of time on dialysis (p < 0.01), and had a lower Charlson Comorbidity Index (p < 0.01). Serum calcium and intact parathyroid hormone levels were not different between the two groups, while phosphate levels <5.5 mg/dL were observed more frequently in patients not receiving sevelamer (79% vs 61%, p < 0.01). Serum total cholesterol (167 +/- 41 vs 189 +/- 42 mg/dL, p < 0.01) and low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol (90 +/- 34 vs 109 +/- 34 mg/dL, p < 0.01), but not high density lipoprotein cholesterol or triglycerides, were lower in sevelamer-treated patients. Moreover, sevelamer-treated patients displayed a higher serum albumin (38 +/- 5 vs 36 +/- 4 g/L, p < 0.01) and a lower C-reactive protein (4.9 +/- 12.8 vs 8.8 +/- 15.7 mg/L, p < 0.01). Blood bicarbonate levels <22 mmol/L were observed more frequently in patients receiving sevelamer (22% vs 5%, p < 0.01). Logistic regression analysis adjusting by confounding variables confirmed that sevelamer therapy was associated with serum total cholesterol <200 mg/dL [relative risk (RR): 2.77, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.44 - 5.26, p = 0.002] and blood bicarbonate <22 mmol/L (RR: 8.5, 95% CI: 2.6 - 27.0, p < 0.001), but not with serum phosphate >5.5 mg/dL, calcium-phosphate product >55 mg(2)/dL(2), serum albumin <35 g/L, or C-reactive protein >5 mg/L.

CONCLUSIONS: This uncontrolled cross-sectional study in peritoneal dialysis patients showed that sevelamer hydrochloride treatment allows an adequate serum phosphate level in about 60% of patients and significantly reduces total and LDL-cholesterol levels. Since this treatment is associated with metabolic acidosis in 22% of patients, we recommend close monitoring of bicarbonate levels in this group of patients until the clinical significance of this result is clarified.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"