JOURNAL ARTICLE
MULTICENTER STUDY

Sevelamer hydrochloride in peritoneal dialysis patients: results of a multicenter cross-sectional study

Rosa Ramos, Francesc Moreso, Mercè Borras, Esther Ponz, Joan M Buades, Josep Teixidó, Antoni Morey, Carme Garcia, Manel Vera, M Teresa Doñate, Manuel Ramírez de Arellano, Francesc Barbosa, M Teresa González
Peritoneal Dialysis International 2007, 27 (6): 697-701
17984434

BACKGROUND: Sevelamer hydrochloride is a phosphate binder widely employed in hemodialysis patients. Until now, information about its efficacy and safety in peritoneal dialysis patients has been scarce.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: In September 2005 a cross-sectional study of demographic, biochemical, and therapeutic data of patients from 10 peritoneal dialysis units in Catalonia and the Balearic Islands, Spain, was conducted.

RESULTS: We analyzed data from 228 patients. At the time of the study, 128 patients (56%) were receiving sevelamer. Patients receiving sevelamer were younger (p < 0.01), showed a longer period of time on dialysis (p < 0.01), and had a lower Charlson Comorbidity Index (p < 0.01). Serum calcium and intact parathyroid hormone levels were not different between the two groups, while phosphate levels <5.5 mg/dL were observed more frequently in patients not receiving sevelamer (79% vs 61%, p < 0.01). Serum total cholesterol (167 +/- 41 vs 189 +/- 42 mg/dL, p < 0.01) and low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol (90 +/- 34 vs 109 +/- 34 mg/dL, p < 0.01), but not high density lipoprotein cholesterol or triglycerides, were lower in sevelamer-treated patients. Moreover, sevelamer-treated patients displayed a higher serum albumin (38 +/- 5 vs 36 +/- 4 g/L, p < 0.01) and a lower C-reactive protein (4.9 +/- 12.8 vs 8.8 +/- 15.7 mg/L, p < 0.01). Blood bicarbonate levels <22 mmol/L were observed more frequently in patients receiving sevelamer (22% vs 5%, p < 0.01). Logistic regression analysis adjusting by confounding variables confirmed that sevelamer therapy was associated with serum total cholesterol <200 mg/dL [relative risk (RR): 2.77, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.44 - 5.26, p = 0.002] and blood bicarbonate <22 mmol/L (RR: 8.5, 95% CI: 2.6 - 27.0, p < 0.001), but not with serum phosphate >5.5 mg/dL, calcium-phosphate product >55 mg(2)/dL(2), serum albumin <35 g/L, or C-reactive protein >5 mg/L.

CONCLUSIONS: This uncontrolled cross-sectional study in peritoneal dialysis patients showed that sevelamer hydrochloride treatment allows an adequate serum phosphate level in about 60% of patients and significantly reduces total and LDL-cholesterol levels. Since this treatment is associated with metabolic acidosis in 22% of patients, we recommend close monitoring of bicarbonate levels in this group of patients until the clinical significance of this result is clarified.

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