JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

[Hepatorenal syndrome]

María E Baccaro, Mónica Guevara
Gastroenterología y Hepatología 2007, 30 (9): 548-54
17980134
Hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) is a severe complication in patients with cirrhosis and ascites. Renal insufficiency is functional and is caused by renal vasoconstriction. HRS occurs in 10% of patients with advanced cirrhosis. Diagnosis of HRS is based on ruling out other causes of renal insufficiency. There are two types of HRS: type 1 has rapid onset and progressive course and a mean survival of 15 days without treatment, while type 2 is less severe and progressive, with a mean survival of 6 months. Definitive treatment of HRS is liver transplantation. However, in the last few years administration of vasoconstrictive drugs or placement of portosystemic shunts have been shown to be effective in reversing HRS. Therefore, these measures may be used as a bridge before liver transplantation is performed. Finally, the risk of developing HRS in the context of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis can be prevented by administering albumin together with the corresponding antibiotics. In cases of severe acute alcoholic hepatitis, pentoxifylline can be administered.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
17980134
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"