Video-assisted thoracic surgery lobectomy: report of CALGB 39802—a prospective, multi-institution feasibility study

Scott J Swanson, James E Herndon, Thomas A D'Amico, Todd L Demmy, Robert J McKenna, Mark R Green, David J Sugarbaker
Journal of Clinical Oncology 2007 November 1, 25 (31): 4993-7

PURPOSE: To evaluate the technical feasibility and safety of video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) lobectomy for small lung cancers.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: The Cancer and Leukemia Group B 39802 trial was a prospective, multi-institutional study designed to elucidate the technical feasibility of VATS in early non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) using a standard definition for VATS lobectomy (one 4- to 8-cm access and two 0.5-cm port incisions) that mandated videoscopic guidance and a traditional hilar dissection without rib spreading. Between 1998 and 2001, 128 patients with peripheral lung nodules < or = 3 cm in size with suspected NSCLC were prospectively registered for VATS lobectomy.

RESULTS: One hundred twenty-seven patients (66 males and 61 females; median age, 66 years; range, 37 to 86 years), with a performance status of 0 (74%) or 1 (26%), underwent surgery. Patients with lymph nodes more than 1 cm by computed tomography scan underwent mediastinal lymph node sampling to rule out N2 disease. One hundred eleven patients (87%) had stage I lung cancer, and 96 (86.5%) of these 111 patients underwent successful VATS lobectomies. The median procedure length was 130 minutes (range, 47 to 428 minutes), and median chest tube duration was 3 days (range, 1 to 14 days). Fifty-eight (60%) of 97 patients underwent diagnostic biopsy at lobectomy. Within 30 days, three (2.7%) of 111 patient deaths occurred, none of which were directly related to VATS technique; seven (7.4%) of 95 patients had grade 3 or greater complications, with only one case of bleeding.

CONCLUSION: A standardized approach to VATS lobectomy as specifically defined with avoidance of rib spreading is feasible.

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