Interim cosmetic results and toxicity using 3D conformal external beam radiotherapy to deliver accelerated partial breast irradiation in patients with early-stage breast cancer treated with breast-conserving therapy

Frank A Vicini, Peter Chen, Michelle Wallace, Christina Mitchell, Yasmin Hasan, Inga Grills, Larry Kestin, Scott Schell, Neal S Goldstein, Jonathan Kunzman, Sam Gilbert, Alvaro Martinez
International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics 2007 November 15, 69 (4): 1124-30

PURPOSE: We present our ongoing clinical experience utilizing three-dimensional (3D)-conformal radiation therapy (3D-CRT) to deliver accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI) in patients with early-stage breast cancer treated with breast-conserving therapy.

METHODS AND MATERIALS: Ninety-one consecutive patients were treated with APBI using our previously reported 3D-CRT technique. The clinical target volume consisted of the lumpectomy cavity plus a 10- to 15 -mm margin. The prescribed dose was 34 or 38.5 Gy in 10 fractions given over 5 consecutive days. The median follow-up was 24 months. Twelve patients have been followed for > or =4 years, 20 for > or =3.5 years, 29 for >3.0 years, 33 for > or =2.5 years, and 46 for > or =2.0 years.

RESULTS: No local recurrences developed. Cosmetic results were rated as good/excellent in 100% of evaluable patients at > or = 6 months (n = 47), 93% at 1 year (n = 43), 91% at 2 years (n = 21), and in 90% at > or =3 years (n = 10). Erythema, hyperpigmentation, breast edema, breast pain, telangiectasias, fibrosis, and fat necrosis were evaluated at 6, 24, and 36 months after treatment. All factors stabilized by 3 years posttreatment with grade I or II rates of 0%, 0%, 0%, 0%, 9%, 18%, and 9%, respectively. Only 2 patients (3%) developed grade III toxicity (breast pain), which resolved with time.

CONCLUSIONS: Delivery of APBI with 3D-CRT resulted in minimal chronic (> or =6 months) toxicity to date with good/excellent cosmetic results. Additional follow-up is needed to assess the long-term efficacy of this form of APBI.

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