A novel beta-myosin heavy chain gene mutation, p.Met531Arg, identified in isolated left ventricular non-compaction in humans, results in left ventricular hypertrophy that progresses to dilation in a mouse model

Tomoya Kaneda, Chie Naruse, Atsuhiro Kawashima, Noboru Fujino, Toru Oshima, Masanobu Namura, Shinichi Nunoda, Sumio Mori, Tetsuo Konno, Hidekazu Ino, Masakazu Yamagishi, Masahide Asano
Clinical Science (1979-) 2008, 114 (6): 431-40
Mutations in the betaMHC (beta-myosin heavy chain), a sarcomeric protein are responsible for hypertrophic and dilated cardiomyopathy. However, the mechanisms whereby distinct mutations in the betaMHC gene cause two kinds of cardiomyopathy are still unclear. In the present study we report a novel betaMHC mutation found in a patient with isolated LVNC [LV (left ventricular) non-compaction] and the phenotype of a mouse mutant model carrying the same mutation. To find the mutation responsible, we searched for genomic mutations in 99 unrelated probands with dilated cardiomyopathy and five probands with isolated LVNC, and identified a p.Met531Arg mutation in betaMHC in a 13-year-old girl with isolated LVNC. Next, we generated six lines of transgenic mice carrying a p.Met532Arg mutant alphaMHC gene, which was identical with the p.Met531Arg mutation in the human betaMHC. Among these, two lines with strong expression of the mutant alphaMHC gene were chosen for further studies. Although they did not exhibit the features characteristic of LVNC, approx. 50% and 70% of transgenic mice in each line displayed LVH (LV hypertrophy) by 2-3 months of age. Furthermore, LVD (LV dilation) developed in approx. 25% of transgenic mice by 18 months of age, demonstrating biphasic changes in LV wall thickness. The present study supports the idea that common mechanisms may be involved in LVH and LVD. The novel mouse model generated can provide important information for the understanding of the pathological processes and aetiology of cardiac dilation in humans.

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