Beneficial effects of olmesartan and temocapril on urinary liver-type fatty acid-binding protein levels in normotensive patients with immunoglobin A nephropathy

Tsukasa Nakamura, Teruo Inoue, Takeshi Sugaya, Yasuhiro Kawagoe, Tsukasa Suzuki, Yoshihiko Ueda, Hikaru Koide, Koichi Node
American Journal of Hypertension 2007, 20 (11): 1195-201

BACKGROUND: Liver-type fatty acid-binding protein (L-FABP) is a clinical biomarker of tubulointerstitial damage, which plays an essential role in the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD), including immunoglobin A (IgA) nephropathy. The effect of combination therapy with the angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) and the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) on CKD has not been elucidated.

METHODS: Twenty-four normotensive patients with IgA nephropathy were randomly assigned to receive olmesartan 10 mg/day, temocapril 2 mg/day, or combination therapy with both drugs. Urinary levels of L-FABP as well as 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) and protein excretion were measured before and after 3 months of treatment. The chronicity index and activity index were also assessed by histopathologic findings.

RESULTS: Urinary levels of L-FABP and 8-OHdG were higher in patients with IgA nephropathy than in age-matched and sex-matched healthy controls (122.5 +/- 25.5 v 6.4 +/- 3.8 mug/g.creatinine, P < .001; and 22.6 +/- 4.4 v 4.8 +/- 1.4 ng/mg.creatinine, P < .01, respectively). Urinary levels of L-FABP were correlated with those of 8-OHdG (baseline, P = .0001; after 3 months, P = .008) and the severity of proteinuria (baseline, P = .0015; after 3 months, P = .0001). The percent reductions in urinary levels of L-FABP and 8-OHdG, protein excretion, and activity index after 3 months were greater in the combination therapy group, compared with each monotherapy group of olmesartan (P < .05) and temocapril (P < .05).

CONCLUSIONS: The data suggest that a combination therapy of ARB plus ACEI has a greater beneficial effect on renal injury compared with monotherapy using ARB or ACEI in normotensive patients with IgA nephropathy.

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