JOURNAL ARTICLE

Archetype-based semantic integration and standardization of clinical data

David Moner, Jose A Maldonado, Diego Bosca, Jesualdo T Fernandez, Carlos Angulo, Pere Crespo, Pedro J Vivancos, Montserrat Robles
Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society 2006, 1: 5141-4
17945878
One of the basic needs for any healthcare professional is to be able to access to clinical information of patients in an understandable and normalized way. The lifelong clinical information of any person supported by electronic means configures his/her Electronic Health Record (EHR). This information is usually distributed among several independent and heterogeneous systems that may be syntactically or semantically incompatible. The Dual Model architecture has appeared as a new proposal for maintaining a homogeneous representation of the EHR with a clear separation between information and knowledge. Information is represented by a Reference Model which describes common data structures with minimal semantics. Knowledge is specified by archetypes, which are formal representations of clinical concepts built upon a particular Reference Model. This kind of architecture is originally thought for implantation of new clinical information systems, but archetypes can be also used for integrating data of existing and not normalized systems, adding at the same time a semantic meaning to the integrated data. In this paper we explain the possible use of a Dual Model approach for semantic integration and standardization of heterogeneous clinical data sources and present LinkEHR-Ed, a tool for developing archetypes as elements for integration purposes. LinkEHR-Ed has been designed to be easily used by the two main participants of the creation process of archetypes for clinical data integration: the Health domain expert and the Information Technologies domain expert.

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