Somatic cell count in milk of selenium-supplemented dairy cows after an intramammary challenge with Staphylococcus aureus

J Kruze, A Ceballos, H Stryhn, A Mella, R Matamoros, P A Contreras, V Leyan, F Wittwer
Journal of Veterinary Medicine. A, Physiology, Pathology, Clinical Medicine 2007, 54 (9): 478-83
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of selenium (Se) supplementation on milk somatic cell count (SCC) in dairy cows. Twelve multiparous Holstein-Friesian cows were fed a diet containing a suboptimal Se concentration (<0.05 ppm, dry basis) starting 2 months before calving. Supplemented cows (n=6) received a single s.c. injection of barium selenate (1 ml/50 kg BW) 45 days prior to calving, whereas control group was kept unsupplemented. Twenty weeks after calving, two mammary quarters (right side) of each cow were challenged with 205,000 cfu/ml of Staphylococcus aureus (strain Newbould 305). Blood was collected bi-weekly until day 150 of lactation for the analysis of blood glutathione peroxidase (GPx1; EC activity. To re-isolate the challenging pathogen and to evaluate SCC, aseptic milk samples were collected daily starting on the day of challenge, and finishing 7 days after inoculation. Unsupplemented cows had a lower activity of GPx1 through the experiment (P<0.001). Natural log SCC (lnSCC) was higher in unsupplemented than Se-supplemented cows (P=0.04), showing evidence of significance after 5 days. Selenium supplementation of dairy cows fed a diet containing a suboptimal Se concentration, resulted in higher blood activity of GPx1, and lower mean lnSCC after an intramammary challenge with Staph. aureus.

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