JOURNAL ARTICLE

Host mediated anti-tumor effect of oncolytic Newcastle disease virus after locoregional application

Leonidas Apostolidis, Volker Schirrmacher, Philippe Fournier
International Journal of Oncology 2007, 31 (5): 1009-19
17912426
Several strains of the Newcastle disease virus (NDV) have raised considerable interest in recent years for clinical application because of their oncolytic properties. In this study we characterized virological, immunological and anti-tumor properties of some NDV strains. The oncolytic strain MTH-68/H was the most potent interferon-alpha inducer and, after UV light inactivation, it was the only tested NDV strain which induced in human PBMC anti-tumor activity in vitro. Upon systemic application to mice bearing a virus susceptible intradermal tumor, no significant anti-tumor effects were observed with the two oncolytic strains Italian and MTH-68/H while the treatment had significant side effects as seen by loss of body weight. In contrast, when using a locoregional application model for treatment of liver metastases of luciferase transfected CT26 colon carcinoma cells, MTH-68/H showed a significant delay in tumor growth, as well as prolonged survival but no effects on body weight. Surprisingly, this CT26 murine tumor cell transfectant was resistant in vitro to virus infection and oncolysis. These results suggest: i) that locoregional application of oncolytic NDV is more effective than systemic i.v. application; and ii) that oncolytic NDV can mediate effects even against a virus-resistant tumor line. The involvement of host anti-tumor immune responses as an important mechanism in therapies based on oncolytic NDV will be discussed.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
17912426
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"