JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

Hepatic encephalopathy: pathophysiology and advances in therapy

Siva Prasad Av
Tropical Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Digestive Diseases Foundation 2007, 28 (1): 4-10
17896602
Hepatic encephalopathy is a major neuropsychiatric complication of cirrhosis. Hepatic encephalopathy can occur in patients with fulminant liver disease without evidence of portosystemic shunting. The syndromes are distinct in acute liver failure and cirrhosis. The pathogenesis of hepatic encephalopathy probably is multifactorial, although the predominant causative agent appears to be ammonia. Prevention and treatment of hepatic encephalopathy in cirrhotic patients continues to rely on ammonia lowering strategies which include assessment of dietary protein intake and the use of lactulose, neomycin, sodium benzoate and L-ornithine-aspartate. This review provides recent information on the classification of hepatic encephalopathy, current theories for pathophysiological basis and evaluates the available therapies.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
17896602
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"