Hospital personnel in surgical services in a transplant hospital faced with living liver donation: an attitudinal survey

A Ríos, P Ramírez, L Martínez-Alarcón, P J Galindo, M J Montoya, M M Rodríguez, P Cascales, J A Pons, P Parrilla
Transplantation Proceedings 2007, 39 (7): 2079-82

UNLABELLED: Living liver donation is becoming a more widely accepted practice given the decrease in donor morbidity and mortality and the beneficial results in the recipient. Use of this technique is unusual in Spain. There are a number of workers against its use within the health care system. The objective of this study was to analyze attitudes toward and the variables that affect them concerning living liver donation among surgical services in a transplant hospital.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: A random survey was stratified by surgical area and job category in a Spanish third-level hospital with an ongoing solid organ transplant program. Attitudes toward living liver donation were assessed using a questionnaire about organ donation and transplantation that evaluated various psychosocial variables. Student's t test and the chi square test were used.

RESULTS: A total of 263 workers were surveyed (mean age as 40 +/- 9 years). Regarding attitudes toward living liver donation, the level of acceptance was 80% (n = 211) of respondents, whereas 10% were undecided (n = 26), and another 10% were against (n = 26), assuming that the donations were related. When we asked about unrelated living donation, the percentage in favor decreased to 10% (n = 27). No differences were found with respect to job category or type of service. The variables that are related to such an attitude are the following: (1) possibility of respondent needing an organ (P = .001); (2) favorable attitude toward living kidney donation (P < .000); and (3) a belief that medical errors exist (P = .004). An important finding was that attitudes toward living liver donation were not more favorable according to whether the respondent was in favor or against cadaveric organ donation (P = .175).

CONCLUSION: There was a highly favorable attitude toward living liver donation among hospital personnel in surgical services, which is an important factor to take into account if this type of donation is to be encouraged in Spain.

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