Simultaneous quantitation of five flavonoid glycosides in Herba Epimedii by high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry

Nurul M Islam, Hye Hyun Yoo, Min Woo Lee, Mi-Sook Dong, Young In Park, Ha Sook Jeong, Dong-Hyun Kim
Phytochemical Analysis: PCA 2008, 19 (1): 71-7
A rapid and accurate reversed-phase liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS) method has been developed and validated for the quantitative determination of five flavonoid glycosides, icariin, epimedin A, epimedin B, epimedin C and hyperin in Herba Epimedii. Chromatographic separations were performed using a C(18) narrow-bore HPLC column; a mixture of an aqueous solution of ammonium formate (pH 4.0) and acetonitrile was used as the mobile phase, with compounds detected in the positive ion mode with multiple-reaction monitoring using a triple-quadrupole mass spectrometer equipped with an electrospray ionisation interface. This method for the determination of the reported flavonoid glycosides was accurate and reproducible, with a lower limit of quantication of 0.5 microg/mL. The standard calibration curves for the above-mentioned compounds were linear (r(2) > 0.998) over the concentration range 0.5-10.0 microg/mL. The relative standard deviations for intra- and inter-day precision over the concentration range for the flavonoid glycosides were lower than 7.8% with accuracy between 90.1 and 111.0%. The established method was successfully applied to the quality assessment of samples of Herba Epimedii collected from Korea and China.

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