Five-year follow-up of a randomized, prospective trial of topical methyl aminolevulinate photodynamic therapy vs surgery for nodular basal cell carcinoma

Lesley E Rhodes, Menno A de Rie, Ragna Leifsdottir, Raymond C Yu, Ingeborg Bachmann, Victoria Goulden, Gavin A E Wong, Marie-Aleth Richard, Alex Anstey, Peter Wolf
Archives of Dermatology 2007, 143 (9): 1131-6

OBJECTIVE: To compare 5-year lesion recurrence rates in primary nodular basal cell carcinoma treated with topical methyl aminolevulinate photodynamic therapy (PDT) or simple excision surgery.

DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, multicenter study.

SETTING: University hospital dermatology departments.

PATIENTS: A total of 97 patients, 50 with 53 lesions treated with methyl aminolevulinate PDT and 47 with 52 lesions treated by excision surgery, were included in the per protocol analysis. Of the lesions treated with methyl aminolevulinate PDT and surgery, 49 and 52, respectively, showed complete clinical response at 3 months after treatment and were observed for long-term outcome evaluation.

INTERVENTIONS: Topical methyl aminolevulinate cream, 160 mg/g, applied for 3 hours before illumination (75 J/cm(2) of red light at 570 to 670 nm) on 2 or 4 occasions (12 [23%] of 53 lesions); or excision surgery.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Histologically confirmed lesion recurrence, sustained lesion complete response rate (time-to-event analysis), and investigator assessment of cosmetic outcome, 5 years after the last treatment.

RESULTS: At 5 years, recurrence was documented in 7 (14%) of 49 lesions (95% confidence interval [CI], 6%-27%) treated with methyl aminolevulinate PDT vs 2 (4%) of 52 lesions (95% CI, 1%-13%) treated with excision surgery (P = .09). Estimated sustained lesion complete response rates were 76% (95% CI, 59%-87%) and 96% (95% CI, 84%-99%), respectively (P = .01). More patients treated with methyl aminolevulinate PDT than surgery had an excellent or good cosmetic outcome: 27 (87%) of 31 patients (95% CI, 70%-96%) vs 19 (54%) of 35 patients (95% CI, 37%-71%) (P = .007).

CONCLUSIONS: Long-term follow-up indicates superior efficacy of surgery to methyl aminolevulinate PDT in nodular basal cell carcinoma. However, methyl aminolevulinate PDT is also an effective treatment for this indication and exhibits a more favorable cosmetic outcome.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"