COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Analysis of recurrence pattern and its influence on survival outcome after radiofrequency ablation of hepatocellular carcinoma

Kelvin K Ng, Ronnie T Poon, Chung-Mau Lo, Jimmy Yuen, Wai Kuen Tso, Sheung-Tat Fan
Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract 2008, 12 (1): 183-91
17874276

BACKGROUND: Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is an effective local ablation therapy for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with favorable long-term outcome. There is no data on the analysis of recurrence pattern and its influence on long-term survival outcome after RFA in HCC patients.

AIM OF STUDY: To evaluate the tumor recurrence pattern and its influence on long-term survival in patients with HCC treated with RFA.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: From April 2001 to January 2005, 209 patients received RFA using internally cooled electrode as the sole treatment modality for HCC. Among them, 117 patients (56%) had unresectable HCC because of bilobar disease, poor liver function, and/or high medical risk for resection; whereas 92 patients (44%) underwent RFA as the primary treatment for small resectable HCC. The ablation procedure was performed through percutaneous (n=101), laparoscopic (n=17), or open approaches (n=91). The tumor recurrence pattern and long-term survival were analyzed. Multivariate analysis was carried out to identify independent prognostic factors affecting the overall survival of patients.

RESULTS: The mortality and morbidity rates were 0.9 and 15.7%, respectively. Complete tumor ablation was achieved in 192 patients (92.7%). With a median follow-up period of 26 months, local recurrence occurred in 28 patients (14.5%). Same segment and different segment intrahepatic recurrence occurred in 30 patients (15.6%) and 78 patients (40.6%), respectively. Twenty patients (10.4%) developed distant extrahepatic metastases. The overall 1-, 3-, and 5-year survival rates were 87.2, 66.6, and 42%, respectively. Different segment intrahepatic recurrence and distant recurrence after RFA carried significant poor prognostic influence on overall survival outcome. Using multivariate analysis, Child-Pugh grade (risk ratio [RR]=2.918, 95% confident interval [CI] 1.704-4.998, p=0.000), tumor size (RR=1.231, 95% CI 1.031-1.469, p=0.021), and pattern of recurrence (risk ratio [RR]=1.464, 95% CI 1.156-1.987, P=0.020) were identified as independent prognostic factors for overall survival.

CONCLUSION: The tumor recurrence pattern after RFA carries significant prognostic value in relation to overall survival. Long-term regular surveillance and aggressive treatment strategy are required for patients with different segment intrahepatic recurrence to optimize the benefits of RFA.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
17874276
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"