Efficacy of extended-release naltrexone in alcohol-dependent patients who are abstinent before treatment

Stephanie S O'Malley, James C Garbutt, David R Gastfriend, Qunming Dong, Henry R Kranzler
Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology 2007, 27 (5): 507-12
Extended-release naltrexone (XR-NTX) is a once-a-month injectable formulation that is Food and Drug Administration-approved for the treatment of alcohol dependence in patients able to abstain from alcohol before treatment initiation. This paper presents the results of an analysis of efficacy data from a subgroup of patients with 4 days or more of voluntary abstinence before treatment initiation (n = 82) on a wide range of drinking-related outcomes. In these patients, all of whom received counseling, the rate of abstinence was severalfold higher for XR-NTX 380 mg compared with placebo: median time to first drink was 41 days versus 12 days, respectively; rate of continuous abstinence at end of the study was 32% versus 11% (P = 0.02). Extended-release naltrexone 380 mg, compared with placebo, substantially increased time to first heavy drinking event (>180 days vs 20 days; P = 0.04) and decreased the median number of any drinking days per month by 90% (0.7 vs 7.2; P = 0.005) and heavy drinking days per month by 93% (0.2 days vs 2.9 days; P = 0.007). The XR-NTX 380 mg group also had more than twice as many responders compared with placebo (70% vs 30%; P = 0.006; responder defined as having no more than 2 heavy drinking days in any consecutive 28-day period) and experienced greater improvement in gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase levels (P = 0.03). Outcomes for XR-NTX 190 mg (n = 26) were generally intermediate, demonstrating a dose-response effect. In conclusion, XR-NTX 380 mg prolonged abstinence and reduced the number of heavy drinking days and drinking days in patients who were abstinent for as few as 4 days before treatment initiation.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"