Diannexin, a novel annexin V homodimer, protects rat liver transplants against cold ischemia-reperfusion injury

X-D Shen, B Ke, Y Zhai, S-I Tsuchihashi, F Gao, S Duarte, A Coito, R W Busuttil, A C Allison, J W Kupiec-Weglinski
American Journal of Transplantation 2007, 7 (11): 2463-71
Ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) remains an important problem in clinical transplantation. Following ischemia, phosphatidylserine (PS) translocates to surfaces of endothelial cells (ECs) and promotes the early attachment of leukocytes/platelets, impairing microvascular blood flow. Diannexin, a 73 KD homodimer of human annexin V, binds to PS, prevents attachment of leukocytes/platelets to EC, and maintains sinusoidal blood flow. This study analyzes whether Diannexin treatment can prevent cold IRI in liver transplantation. Rat livers were stored at 4 degrees C in UW solution for 24 h, and then transplanted orthotopically (OLT) into syngeneic recipients. Diannexin (200 microg/kg) was infused into: (i) donor livers after recovering and before reperfusion, (ii) OLT recipients at reperfusion and day +2. Controls consisted of untreated OLTs. Both Diannexin regimens increased OLT survival from 40% to 100%, depressed sALT levels, and decreased hepatic histological injury. Diannexin treatment decreased TNF-alpha, IL-1beta, IP-10 expression, diminished expression of P-selectin, endothelial ICAM-1, and attenuated OLT infiltration by macrophages, CD4 cells and PMNs. Diannexin increased expression of HO-1/Bcl-2/Bcl-xl, and reduced Caspase-3/TUNEL+ apoptotic cells. Thus, by modulating leukocyte/platelet trafficking and EC activation in OLTs, Diannexin suppressed vascular inflammatory responses and decreased apoptosis. Diannexin deserves further exploration as a novel agent to attenuate IRI, and thereby improve OLT function/increase organ donor pool.

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