JOURNAL ARTICLE

Diannexin, a novel annexin V homodimer, protects rat liver transplants against cold ischemia-reperfusion injury

X-D Shen, B Ke, Y Zhai, S-I Tsuchihashi, F Gao, S Duarte, A Coito, R W Busuttil, A C Allison, J W Kupiec-Weglinski
American Journal of Transplantation 2007, 7 (11): 2463-71
17868064
Ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) remains an important problem in clinical transplantation. Following ischemia, phosphatidylserine (PS) translocates to surfaces of endothelial cells (ECs) and promotes the early attachment of leukocytes/platelets, impairing microvascular blood flow. Diannexin, a 73 KD homodimer of human annexin V, binds to PS, prevents attachment of leukocytes/platelets to EC, and maintains sinusoidal blood flow. This study analyzes whether Diannexin treatment can prevent cold IRI in liver transplantation. Rat livers were stored at 4 degrees C in UW solution for 24 h, and then transplanted orthotopically (OLT) into syngeneic recipients. Diannexin (200 microg/kg) was infused into: (i) donor livers after recovering and before reperfusion, (ii) OLT recipients at reperfusion and day +2. Controls consisted of untreated OLTs. Both Diannexin regimens increased OLT survival from 40% to 100%, depressed sALT levels, and decreased hepatic histological injury. Diannexin treatment decreased TNF-alpha, IL-1beta, IP-10 expression, diminished expression of P-selectin, endothelial ICAM-1, and attenuated OLT infiltration by macrophages, CD4 cells and PMNs. Diannexin increased expression of HO-1/Bcl-2/Bcl-xl, and reduced Caspase-3/TUNEL+ apoptotic cells. Thus, by modulating leukocyte/platelet trafficking and EC activation in OLTs, Diannexin suppressed vascular inflammatory responses and decreased apoptosis. Diannexin deserves further exploration as a novel agent to attenuate IRI, and thereby improve OLT function/increase organ donor pool.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
17868064
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"