JOURNAL ARTICLE
MULTICENTER STUDY

Positive symptom improvement with laparoscopic uterosacral ligament repair for uterine or vaginal vault prolapse: interim results from an active multicenter trial

Marlan Schwartz, Karen Rae Abbott, Larry Glazerman, Craig Sobolewski, Barry Jarnagin, Radhika Ailawadi, Vincent Lucente
Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology 2007, 14 (5): 570-6
17848317

STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of laparoscopic uterosacral ligament repair for long-term patient symptom improvement in patients with uterine prolapse or posthysterectomy vaginal vault prolapse and to evaluate how laparoscopic instrumentation kits facilitate procedure performance for the surgeon.

DESIGN: Nonrandomized, prospective, multicenter case series (Canadian Task Force classification II-2).

SETTING: Five clinical sites consisting of 4 community hospitals and 1 university medical center.

PATIENTS: Seventy-two patients with stage II or worse uterine prolapse (58%, n = 42) or posthysterectomy vaginal vault prolapse (42%, n = 30). One patient with stage I vaginal vault prolapse was included in the group due to her significant symptoms.

INTERVENTIONS: Laparoscopic uterosacral ligament repair was performed on all patients; round ligament truncation was also performed selectively on patients with uterine prolapse. Fifty-seven percent (41 patients) had concomitant pelvic procedures.

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: At 12-month follow-up, Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification (POP-Q) scores and patient self-reported symptom scores were significantly improved over baseline after laparoscopic repair of pelvic organ prolapse. Positive mean change in POP-Q score was 14.4 (p = .0003) for uterine prolapse repair and 9.28 (p = .017) for vaginal vault prolapse repair. Positive mean change in total symptom score was 20.36 (p <.0001) for uterine prolapse repair and 11.43 (p = .005) for vaginal vault prolapse repair. Surgeons reported a mean procedure time of 31.6 minutes for uterine prolapse repair and 21.7 minutes for vaginal vault prolapse repair. A mean rating of 7.5 was documented for ease of use for the uterine prolapse kit and 4.1 for the vaginal vault prolapse kit on a scale of 1 to 10.

CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic uterosacral ligament repair improves symptoms and POP-Q scores over the long term in patients with uterine or vaginal vault prolapse. Laparoscopic instrumentation kits facilitate procedure performance for the surgeon with expedited surgery times.

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