Effects of cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator and DeltaF508CFTR on inflammatory response, ER stress, and Ca2+ of airway epithelia

Kevin Hybiske, Zhu Fu, Christian Schwarzer, Jill Tseng, Jiun Do, Natalie Huang, Terry E Machen
American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology 2007, 293 (5): L1250-60
We tested whether cystic fibrosis (CF) airway epithelia have larger innate immune responses than non-CF or cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR)-corrected cells, perhaps resulting from ER stress due to retention of DeltaF508CFTR in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and activation of cytosolic Ca(2+) (Ca(i)) and nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB signaling. Adenovirus infections of a human CF (DeltaF508/DeltaF508) nasal cell line (CF15) provided isogenic comparisons of wild-type (wt) CFTR and DeltaF508CFTR. In the absence of bacteria, there were no or only small differences among CF15, CF15-lacZ (beta-galactosidase-expressing), CF15-wtCFTR (wtCFTR-corrected), and CF15-DeltaF508CFTR (to test ER retention of DeltaF508CFTR) cells in NF-kappaB activity, interleukin (IL)-8 secretion, Ca(i) responses, and ER stress. Non-CF and CF primary cultures of human bronchial epithelial cells (HBE) secreted IL-8 equivalently. Upon infection with Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) or flagellin (key activator for airway epithelia), CF15, CF15-lacZ, CF15-wtCFTR, and CF15DeltaF508CFTR cells exhibited equal PA binding, NF-kappaB activity, and IL-8 secretion; cells also responded similarly to flagellin when both CFTR (forskolin) and Ca(i) signaling (ATP) were activated. CF and non-CF HBE responded similarly to flagellin + ATP. Thapsigargin (Tg, releases ER Ca(2+)) increased flagellin-stimulated NF-kappaB and ER stress similarly in all cells. We conclude that ER stress, Ca(i), and NF-kappaB signaling and IL-8 secretion were unaffected by wt- or DeltaF508CFTR in control and during exposure to PA, flagellin, flagellin + ATP, or flagellin + ATP + forskolin. Tg, but not wt- or DeltaF508CFTR, triggered ER stress. Previous measurements showing hyperinflammatory responses in CF airway epithelia may have resulted from cell-specific, rather than CFTR- or DeltaF508CFTR-specific effects.

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