OPEN IN READ APP
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Ex vivo supplementation of TGF-beta1 enhances the fibrous tissue regeneration effect of synovium-derived fibroblast transplantation in a tendon defect: a biomechanical study

Shoichi Okamoto, Harukazu Tohyama, Eiji Kondo, Yuko Anaguchi, Shin Onodera, Kozaburo Hayashi, Kazunori Yasuda
Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy 2008, 16 (3): 333-9
17805511
The present study was conducted to test a hypothesis that the ex vivo supplementation of TGF-beta1 into medium will significantly improve the mechanical properties of the fibrous tissue regenerated in the patellar tendon defect after transplantation of cultured autologous synovium-derived fibroblasts. Thirty rabbits were divided into the following three groups. In Group A, we applied phosphate buffered saline of 0.1 ml to the defect created in the patellar tendon. In Group B, we transplanted autologous fibroblasts, which had been cultured into the tendon defect. In Group C, we transplanted autologous fibroblasts, which had been cultured with supplementation of TGF-beta1, into the tendon defect. Animals were killed at 6 weeks, and the regenerated tissue was examined for biomechanics and histology. The tangent modulus and the tensile strength of Group C were significantly higher than that of Group B, while the tensile strength of Group C was significantly lower than that of Group A. Histologically, vascular formation was abundantly found in the regenerated tissue of Groups B and C as compared to the regenerated tissues in Group A. The present study showed that transplantation of cultured autologous synovium-derived fibroblasts enhanced vascular formation in the fibrous tissue regenerated in the patellar tendon defect, while cell transplantation deteriorated the mechanical properties of the regenerated fibrous tissue. However, the ex vivo supplementation of TGF-beta1 into the medium significantly decreased mechanical deterioration of the fibrous tissue regenerated in the tendon defect after transplantation of cultured autologous synovium-derived fibroblasts.

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
17805511
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"