15-Deoxy-delta 12,14-prostaglandin J2 (15d-PGJ 2) sensitizes human leukemic HL-60 cells to tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL)-induced apoptosis through Akt downregulation

Hoon Han, Sung-Won Shin, Chi-Yeon Seo, Hyuk-Chan Kwon, Jin-Yeong Han, In-Hoo Kim, Jong-Young Kwak, Joo-In Park
Apoptosis: An International Journal on Programmed Cell Death 2007, 12 (11): 2101-14
While tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is a promising new agent for the treatment of cancer, resistance to TRAIL remains a therapeutic challenge. Identifying agents to use in combination with TRAIL to enhance apoptosis in leukemia cells would increase the potential utility of this agent as a therapy for leukemia. Here, we show that 15-deoxy-Delta(12,14)-prostaglandin J2 (15d-PGJ2), a natural ligand for peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma), can sensitize TRAIL-resistant leukemic HL-60 cells to TRAIL-induced apoptosis. The sensitization to TRAIL-induced apoptosis by 15d-PGJ2 was not blocked by a PPARgamma inhibitor (GW9662), suggesting a PPARgamma-independent mechanism. This process was accompanied by activation of caspase-8, caspase-9, and caspase-3 and was concomitant with Bid and PARP cleavage. We observed significant decreases in XIAP, Bcl-2, and c-FLIP after cotreatment with 15d-PGJ2 and TRAIL. We also observed the inhibition of Akt expression and phosphorylation by cotreatment with 15d-PGJ2 and TRAIL. Furthermore, inactivation of Akt by Akt inhibitor IV sensitized human leukemic HL-60 cells to TRAIL, indicating a key role for Akt inhibition in these events. Taken together, these findings indicate that 15d-PGJ2 may augment TRAIL-induced apoptosis in human leukemia cells by down-regulating the expression and phosphorylation of Akt.

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