Risk of thromboembolism in women taking ethinylestradiol/drospirenone and other oral contraceptives

John D Seeger, Jeanne Loughlin, P Mona Eng, C Robin Clifford, Jennifer Cutone, Alexander M Walker
Obstetrics and Gynecology 2007, 110 (3): 587-93

OBJECTIVE: The oral contraceptive ethinylestradiol 0.03 mg/drospirenone 3 mg contains a progestin component that differs from other oral contraceptives. Case reports and prescription event monitoring suggested that ethinylestradiol/drospirenone might be associated with an elevated risk of thromboembolism. We sought to estimate the association between ethinylestradiol/drospirenone and risk of thromboembolism relative to the association among other oral contraceptives.

METHODS: We identified ethinylestradiol/drospirenone initiators and a twofold larger group of other oral contraceptive initiators between June 2001 and June 2004 within a U.S. health insurer database. The comparison group was selected to have demographic and health care characteristics preceding oral contraceptive initiation that were similar to ethinylestradiol/drospirenone initiators. Thromboembolism during the follow-up of the cohorts was identified through claims for medical services, and only medical record-confirmed cases were included in analyses. The primary (as-matched) analysis used proportional hazards regression, whereas a secondary (as-treated) analysis accounted for changes in oral contraceptives during follow-up using Poisson regression.

RESULTS: The 22,429 ethinylestradiol/drospirenone initiators and 44,858 other oral contraceptive initiators were followed for an average of 7.6 months, and there were 18 cases of thromboembolism in ethinylestradiol/drospirenone initiators and 39 in the comparators (rate ratio 0.9, 95% confidence interval 0.5-1.6). More than 9,000 women would need to be prescribed oral contraceptives to observe a difference of one case of thromboembolism. Results of the as-treated analysis were similar to those of the as-matched analysis.

CONCLUSION: Ethinylestradiol/drospirenone initiators and initiators of other oral contraceptives are similarly likely to experience thromboembolism.


Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"