Ocular vestibular evoked myogenic potentials in superior canal dehiscence

S M Rosengren, S T Aw, G M Halmagyi, N P McAngus Todd, J G Colebatch
Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry 2008, 79 (5): 559-68

OBJECTIVE: Patients with superior canal dehiscence (SCD) have large sound-evoked vestibular reflexes with pathologically low threshold. We wished to determine whether a recently discovered measure of the vestibulo-ocular reflex-the ocular vestibular evoked myogenic potential (OVEMP)-produced similar high-amplitude, low-threshold responses in SCD, and could differentiate patients with SCD from normal control patients.

METHODS: Nine patients with CT-confirmed SCD and 10 normal controls were stimulated with 500 Hz, 2 ms tone bursts and 0.1 ms clicks at intensities up to 142 dB peak SPL. Conventional VEMPs were recorded from the ipsilateral sternocleidomastoid muscle to determine threshold, and OVEMPs were recorded from electrode pairs placed superior and inferior to the eyes. Three-dimensional eye movements were measured with scleral dual-search coils.

RESULTS: In patients with SCD, OVEMP amplitudes were significantly larger than normal (p<0.001) and thresholds were pathologically low. The n10 OVEMP in the contralateral inferior electrode became particularly large with increasing stimulus intensity (up to 25 microV) and with up-gaze (up to 40 microV). Sound-evoked (slow-phase) eye movements were present in all patients with SCD (vertical: upward; torsional: upper pole away from the affected side; and horizontal: towards or away from the affected side), but began only as the OVEMP response became maximal, which is consistent with the surface potentials being produced by activation of the extraocular muscles that generated the eye movements.

CONCLUSIONS: OVEMP amplitude and threshold (particularly the contralateral inferior n10 response) differentiated patients with SCD from normal controls. Our findings suggest that both the OVEMPs and induced eye movements in SCD are a result of intense saccular activation in addition to superior canal stimulation.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"