JOURNAL ARTICLE

HLA-DRB4 as a genetic risk factor for Churg-Strauss syndrome

Augusto Vaglio, Davide Martorana, Umberto Maggiore, Chiara Grasselli, Adele Zanetti, Alberto Pesci, Giovanni Garini, Paolo Manganelli, Paolo Bottero, Bruno Tumiati, Renato A Sinico, Mario Savi, Carlo Buzio, Tauro M Neri et al.
Arthritis and Rheumatism 2007, 56 (9): 3159-66
17763415

OBJECTIVE: To explore the association between HLA alleles and Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS), and to investigate the potential influence of HLA alleles on the clinical spectrum of the disease.

METHODS: Low-resolution genotyping of HLA-A, HLA-B, and HLA-DR loci and genotyping of TNFA -238A/G and TNFA -308A/G single-nucleotide polymorphisms were performed in 48 consecutive CSS patients and 350 healthy controls.

RESULTS: The frequency of the HLA-DRB1*07 allele was higher in the CSS patients than in controls (27.1% versus 13.3%; chi(2) = 12.64, P = 0.0003, corrected P [P(corr)] = 0.0042, odds ratio [OR] 2.42, 95% confidence interval [95% CI] 1.47-3.99). The HLA-DRB4 gene, present in subjects carrying either HLA-DRB1*04, HLA-DRB1*07, or HLA-DRB1*09 alleles, was also far more frequent in patients than in controls (38.5% versus 20.1%; chi(2) = 16.46, P = 0.000058, P(corr) = 0.000232, OR 2.49, 95% CI 1.58-3.09). Conversely, the frequency of the HLA-DRB3 gene was lower in patients than in controls (35.4% versus 50.4%; chi(2) = 7.62, P = 0.0057, P(corr) = 0.0228, OR 0.54, 95% CI 0.35-0.84). CSS has 2 major clinical subsets, antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-positive, with features of small-vessel vasculitis, and ANCA-negative, in which organ damage is mainly mediated by tissue eosinophilic infiltration; analysis of HLA-DRB4 in patients categorized by different numbers of vasculitic manifestations (purpura, alveolar hemorrhage, mononeuritis multiplex, rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis, and constitutional symptoms) showed that its frequency strongly correlated with the number of vasculitis symptoms (P for trend = 0.001).

CONCLUSION: These findings indicate that HLA-DRB4 is a genetic risk factor for the development of CSS and increases the likelihood of development of vasculitic manifestations of the disease.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
17763415
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.