JOURNAL ARTICLE

The diaphanous inhibitory domain/diaphanous autoregulatory domain interaction is able to mediate heterodimerization between mDia1 and mDia2

Sarah J Copeland, Brenda J Green, Sarah Burchat, Giuseppe A Papalia, David Banner, John W Copeland
Journal of Biological Chemistry 2007 October 12, 282 (41): 30120-30
17716977
Formins are multidomain proteins that regulate numerous cytoskeleton-dependent cellular processes. These effects are mediated by the presence of two regions of homology, formin homology 1 and FH2. The diaphanous-related formins (DRFs) are distinguished by the presence of interacting N- and C-terminal regulatory domains. The GTPase binding domain and diaphanous inhibitory domain (DID) are found in the N terminus and bind to the diaphanous autoregulatory domain (DAD) found in the C terminus. Adjacent to the DID is an N-terminal dimerization motif (DD) and coiled-coil region (CC). The N terminus of Dia1 is also proposed to contain a Rho-independent membrane-targeting motif. We undertook an extensive structure/function analysis of the mDia1 N terminus to further our understanding of its role in vivo. We show here that both DID and DD are required for efficient autoinhibition in the context of full-length mDia1 and that the DD of mDia1 and mDia2, like formin homology 2, mediates homo- but not heterodimerization with other DRF family members. In contrast, our results suggest that the DID/DAD interaction mediates heterodimerization of full-length mDia1 and mDia2 and that the auto-inhibited conformation of DRFs is oligomeric. In addition, we also show that the DD/CC region is required for the Rho-independent membrane targeting of the isolated N terminus.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
17716977
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"