Controlled Clinical Trial
Journal Article
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Titrating rituximab to circulating B cells to optimize lymphocytolytic therapy in idiopathic membranous nephropathy.

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Rituximab, given in four weekly doses, is a promising treatment for idiopathic membranous nephropathy and other immune-mediated diseases and lymphoproliferative disorders. This multidose regimen, however, may cause hypersensitivity reactions and is extremely expensive. This study was aimed at evaluating whether titrating rituximab to circulating CD20 B cells may improve safety and limit costs of treatment.

DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: In a matched-cohort, single-center, controlled study, the outcome of 12 new incident patients who had idiopathic membranous nephropathy and nephrotic syndrome and received a B cell-driven treatment was compared with that of 24 historical reference patients who were given the standard protocol of four weekly doses of 375 mg/m2.

RESULTS: Only one patient needed a second dose to achieve full CD20 cell depletion. At 1 yr, time course of the components of nephrotic syndrome and the proportion of patients who achieved disease remission (25%) was identical in both groups. Persistent CD20 cell depletion was achieved in all patients. Costs for rituximab treatment and hospitalizations totalled 3770.90 euros ($4902.20) and 13,977.60 euros ($18,170.80) with the B cell-driven and the four-dose protocol, respectively. One patient on standard protocol had a severe adverse reaction at second rituximab dose. Thus, B cell titrated as effectively as standard rituximab treatment achieves B cell depletion and idiopathic membranous nephropathy remission but is fourfold less expensive, allowing for more than 10,000 euros, approximately $13,000 in savings per patient.

CONCLUSIONS: Avoiding unnecessary reexposure to rituximab is extremely cost-saving and may limit the production of antichimeric antibodies that may increase the risk for adverse reactions and prevent re-treatment of disease recurrences.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app