Double-blind, placebo-controlled study on the effect of the aldosterone receptor antagonist spironolactone in patients who have persistent proteinuria and are on long-term angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor therapy, with or without an angiotensin II receptor blocker

Anastasia Chrysostomou, Eugenia Pedagogos, Lachlan MacGregor, Gavin J Becker
Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN 2006, 1 (2): 256-62
Studies have shown that dual therapy with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) and either angiotensin II receptor blockers or aldosterone receptor antagonists is more effective in reducing proteinuria than either agent used alone. The questions that remain are as follows: (1) Which of these agents should be used as dual therapy with the ACEI? (2) Does a higher level of blockade of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system with triple therapy offer an advantage over dual blockade? A 3-mo randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study was performed in 41 patients with proteinuria >1.5 g/d. Four treatment groups were compared: (1) Ramipril + spironolactone placebo + irbesartan placebo, (2) ramipril + irbesartan + spironolactone placebo, (3) ramipril + irbesartan placebo + spironolactone, and (4) ramipril + irbesartan + spironolactone. The percentage change in protein excretion differed according to treatment arm (ANOVA: F(3,35) = 8.6, P < 0.001). Pair-wise comparison showed that greater reduction in protein excretion occurred in treatment regimens that incorporated spironolactone. The reduction in proteinuria at 3 mo was as follows: Group 1, 1.4%; group 2, 15.7%; group 3, 42.0%; and group 4, 48.2%. The reduction in proteinuria among patients who were taking spironolactone-containing regimens was sustained at 6 and 12 mo. This study suggests that aldosterone receptor blockade offers a valuable adjuvant treatment when used with ACEI therapy for the reduction of proteinuria. Results suggest no advantage of triple blockade over dual blockade of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system to reduce proteinuria.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"