Displacement chromatography of proteins on hydrophobic charge induction adsorbent column

Guofeng Zhao, Yan Sun
Journal of Chromatography. A 2007 September 21, 1165 (1): 109-15
Displacement chromatography of protein mixtures is proposed on hydrophobic charge induction chromatography (HCIC). We have used an HCIC medium, MEP-Hypercel as the stationary phase and a quaternary ammonium salt, benzethonium chloride, as the displacer. It was found that the multiple interactions between proteins/displacer and the HCIC sorbent, i.e. hydrophobic interaction and charge repulsion, enabled a greater flexibility for the design of displacement processes and ease of column regeneration by adjustment of pH. The capacity factors of proteins and displacers were used to predict their performances in column displacement, and the experimental results agreed well with the prediction. An isotachic displacement train of lysozyme and alpha-chymotrypsinogen A was formed with benzethonium chloride as the displacer at pH 5.0 with good yields and purities of the two proteins. Column regeneration was efficiently achieved by charge repulsion between the displacer and the adsorbent at lower pH values (pH 3 and 4). The results indicate that the displacement chromatography on HCIC is a good alternative to traditional hydrophobic displacement chromatography.

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