Parathyroid hormone stimulates osteoblastic expression of MCP-1 to recruit and increase the fusion of pre/osteoclasts

Xin Li, Ling Qin, Marika Bergenstock, Laura M Bevelock, Deborah V Novack, Nicola C Partridge
Journal of Biological Chemistry 2007 November 9, 282 (45): 33098-106
The clinical findings that alendronate blunted the anabolic effect of human parathyroid hormone (PTH) on bone formation suggest that active resorption is involved and enhances the anabolic effect. PTH signals via its receptor on the osteoblast membrane, and osteoclasts are impacted indirectly via the products of osteoblasts. Microarray with RNA from rats injected with human PTH or vehicle showed a strong association between the stimulation of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and the anabolic effects of PTH. PTH rapidly and dramatically stimulated MCP-1 mRNA in the femora of rats receiving daily injections of PTH or in primary osteoblastic and UMR 106-01 cells. The stimulation of MCP-1 mRNA was dose-dependent and a primary response to PTH signaling via the cAMP-dependent protein kinase pathway in vitro. Studies with the mouse monocyte cell line RAW 264.7 and mouse bone marrow proved that osteoblastic MCP-1 can potently recruit osteoclast monocyte precursors and facilitate receptor activator of NF-kappaB ligand-induced osteoclastogenesis and, in particular, enhanced fusion. Our model suggests that PTH-induced osteoblastic expression of MCP-1 is involved in recruitment and differentiation at the stage of multinucleation of osteoclast precursors. This information provides a rationale for increased osteoclast activity in the anabolic effects of PTH in addition to receptor activator of NF-kappaB ligand stimulation to initiate greater bone remodeling.

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