Increased level of cytokines and matrix metalloproteinases in osteoarthritic subchondral bone

Hana Hulejová, Veronika Baresová, Zdenek Klézl, Markéta Polanská, Milan Adam, Ladislav Senolt
Cytokine 2007, 38 (3): 151-6

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of several cytokines, matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), and tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinases (TIMP)-1 in osteoarthritis (OA) and control sera and different joint tissues.

METHODS: Serum, synovial fluid, cartilage, synovial and subchondral bone tissues were examined in OA and control subjects. The protein level of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, interleukin (IL)-1alpha, IL-8, IL-10 and MMP-2, MMP-3, MMP-9, and TIMP-1 were measured by immunoanalysis.

RESULTS: Serum levels of TNF-alpha, MMP-3 and -9 were significantly higher in OA patients than in controls. Conversely, serum IL-10 was decreased in OA patients. CRP was elevated when compared to healthy controls and decreased significantly 6 months after the surgery. In contrast to control samples, OA cartilage and synovium revealed significantly higher MMP-2, -3, -9 and IL-10. IL-1alpha was significantly higher in OA cartilage and IL-8 in OA synovium. Interestingly, MMP-3, -9, TIMP-1 and all tested cytokines were up-regulated in OA subchondral bone.

DISCUSSION: This study demonstrates pro-inflammatory condition of OA pathology and supports the idea that vascularized subchondral region may increase the synthesis of cytokines and MMPs leading to degradation of adjacent cartilage.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"