JOURNAL ARTICLE

Increased level of cytokines and matrix metalloproteinases in osteoarthritic subchondral bone

Hana Hulejová, Veronika Baresová, Zdenek Klézl, Markéta Polanská, Milan Adam, Ladislav Senolt
Cytokine 2007, 38 (3): 151-6
17689092

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of several cytokines, matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), and tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinases (TIMP)-1 in osteoarthritis (OA) and control sera and different joint tissues.

METHODS: Serum, synovial fluid, cartilage, synovial and subchondral bone tissues were examined in OA and control subjects. The protein level of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, interleukin (IL)-1alpha, IL-8, IL-10 and MMP-2, MMP-3, MMP-9, and TIMP-1 were measured by immunoanalysis.

RESULTS: Serum levels of TNF-alpha, MMP-3 and -9 were significantly higher in OA patients than in controls. Conversely, serum IL-10 was decreased in OA patients. CRP was elevated when compared to healthy controls and decreased significantly 6 months after the surgery. In contrast to control samples, OA cartilage and synovium revealed significantly higher MMP-2, -3, -9 and IL-10. IL-1alpha was significantly higher in OA cartilage and IL-8 in OA synovium. Interestingly, MMP-3, -9, TIMP-1 and all tested cytokines were up-regulated in OA subchondral bone.

DISCUSSION: This study demonstrates pro-inflammatory condition of OA pathology and supports the idea that vascularized subchondral region may increase the synthesis of cytokines and MMPs leading to degradation of adjacent cartilage.

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