OPEN IN READ APP
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Effects of ischemia-reperfusion injury on renal ammonia metabolism and the collecting duct

Ki-Hwan Han, Hye-Young Kim, Byron P Croker, Sirirat Reungjui, Su-Youn Lee, Jin Kim, Mary E Handlogten, Christopher A Adin, I David Weiner
American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology 2007, 293 (4): F1342-54
17686949
Acute renal injury induces metabolic acidosis, but its specific effects on the collecting duct, the primary site for urinary ammonia secretion, the primary component of net acid excretion, are incompletely understood. We induced ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) acute renal injury in Sprague-Dawley rats by clamping the renal pedicles bilaterally for 30 min followed by reperfusion for 6 h. Control rats underwent sham surgery without renal pedicle clamping. I/R injury decreased urinary ammonia excretion significantly but did not persistently alter urine volume, Na(+), K(+), or bicarbonate excretion. Histological examination demonstrated cellular damage in the outer and inner medullary collecting duct, as well as in the proximal tubule and the thick ascending limb of the loop of Henle. A subset of collecting duct cells were damaged and/or detached from the basement membrane; these cells were present predominantly in the outer medulla and were less frequent in the inner medulla. Immunohistochemistry identified that the damaged/detached cells were A-type intercalated cells, not principal cells. Both TdT-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL) staining and transmission electron microscopic examination demonstrated apoptosis but not necrosis. However, immunoreactivity for caspase-3 was observed in the proximal tubule, but not in collecting duct intercalated cells, suggesting that mechanism(s) of collecting duct intercalated cell apoptosis differ from those operative in the proximal tubule. We conclude that I/R injury decreases renal ammonia excretion and is associated with intercalated cell-specific detachment and apoptosis in the outer and inner medullary collecting duct. These effects likely contribute to the metabolic acidosis frequently observed in acute renal injury.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
17686949
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"