Bovine oocyte vitrification: effect of ethylene glycol concentrations and meiotic stages

Vanessa Magnusson, Weber Beringui Feitosa, Marcelo Demarchi Goissis, Claudia Yamada, Liliam Mara Trevisan Tavares, Mayra Elena Ortiz D'Avila Assumpção, José Antonio Visintin
Animal Reproduction Science 2008, 106 (3): 265-73
Success in oocyte cryopreservation is limited and several factors as cryoprotectant type or concentration and stage of oocyte meiotic maturation are involved. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of maturation stage and ethylene glycol (EG) concentration on survival of bovine oocytes after vitrification. In experiment 1, kinetics of oocyte in vitro maturation (IVM) was evaluated. Germinal vesicle (GV), germinal vesicle breakdown (GVBD), metaphase I (MI), and metaphase II (MII) oocytes were found predominantly at 0, 0-10, 10-14, and 18-24h of IVM, respectively. In experiment 2, in vitro embryo development after in vitro fertilization (IVF) of oocytes exposed to equilibrium (ES) and vitrification solution VS-1 (EG 30%), or VS-2 (EG 40%) at 0, 12 or 18 h of IVM was evaluated. Only blastocyst rate from oocytes vitrified in SV-2 after 18 h of IVM was different from control oocytes. Hatched blastocyst rates from oocytes vitrified in VS-1 after 12 and 18 h, and SV-2 after 18 h of IVM were different from unvitrified oocytes. In experiment 3, embryo development was examined after IVF of oocytes vitrified using VS-1 or VS-2 at 0, 12 or 18 h of IVM. Rates of blastocyst development after vitrification of oocytes in VS-1 at each time interval were similar. However, after vitrification in VS-2, blastocyst rates were less at 18 h than 0 h. Both cleavage rates and blastocyst rates were significantly less in all vitrification groups when compared to control group and only control oocytes hatched. In conclusion, both EG concentration and stage of meiotic maturation affect the developmental potential of oocytes after vitrification.

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